The Fifteen Mysteries of the Holy Rosary

Jude Missa

The Holy Rosary is one of the important devotions in the Catholic Church, second to the Holy Mass. The Holy Rosary was given and taught by the Blessed Virgin Mary when she appeared to St. Dominic de Guzman who was fighting the Albigensian Heresy that time. The Holy Rosary was only prayed by the Dominicans before Pope St. Pius V instituted the official devotion to the Holy Rosary on 1569.

The Holy Rosary has 15 Mysteries – the Joyful, the Sorrowful and the Glorious Mysteries – and contains five prayers – the Apostles Creed, Our Father (Lord’s Prayer), Hail Mary, Glory Be and the Fatima Prayer. These 15 Mysteries contains the Life of our Lord Jesus Christ and the Coronation of the Blessed Virgin Mary as Queen of Heaven and Earth.

Is the Holy Rosary Biblical?

Yes, it is. Because every mystery contains the stories from the New Testament such as the birth of our Lord, His Passion and His Resurrection. And the queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the book of Revelation.

You said there are 15 Mysteries, but we have 20 Mysteries.

During the Vatican II, many changes occurred inside the church including the Holy Mass. During the reign of Pope John Paul II on 2002, he made a change on the Holy Rosary by adding a new set of mystery, the “Luminous Mystery”. This mystery is only optional which means you have no obligation to use it. But as time passed, the optional has slowly became official.

Why some Catholics does not use the “Luminous Mystery”?

Some Catholics including the Traditional ones does not want to use the “Luminous Mystery” because the Blessed Virgin Mary did not include or teach the Luminous Mystery to St. Dominic. Except for the Fatima Prayer where she teaches it to the three children in Fatima.

Some Catholic Scholars and Theologians give proof or reason why 15 Mysteries is the only number of mysteries that a catholic must use:

  1. When the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to St. Bernadette Soubirous, she asks the saint to come to the grotto in Massabielle in 15 Days.
  2. According to Blessed Alain de la Roche on his vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary giving the Holy Rosary to St. Dominic, the Blessed Mother made 15 promises to Christians who pray the Rosary.
  3. The Blessed Virgin Mary when she appeared in Fatima, she asked to meditate on the mysteries of the Holy Rosary for 15 minutes.
  4. Also, another proof is when the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared 15 times to a novice nun, Sister Teresita in Lipa, Batangas.

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